The League of Nations was a beautiful dream: when the “war to end all wars” ended, a council of all nations would be established. This council would settle national disputes amicably and also take responsibility in developing the world for the good of all humanity. Much has been written about the shortcomings of this illustrious body, yet for a time it embodied a noble dream and also accomplished some good.
One of those accomplishments was the establishment of the Mandate for Palestine. Almost all former Ottoman possessions were earmarked for the Arab people, but a tiny area was set aside for the Jewish people. The League of Nations established a mandate that would “be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917” by Great Britain and adopted by the Allied Powers “in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” (this and the following quotations taken from the text of the League of Nations’ mandate).
The League of Nations declared before history and the world: “… recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country.”
The mandatory power would “be responsible for placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home.”